E-cigarette companies like Blu, JUUL, and NJoy have been on the market for nearly a decade, establishing their brands of cartridges, pods and delivery devices early with little to no FDA oversight. In 2016, the FDA granted retailers and companies with these products on the market two years to submit applications for evaluation. The applications are due in May 2020, and while under review, these companies can continue to sell their products.
Are E-cigarettes less harmful than smoking?
American Cancer Society
Are there any differences between e-cigarettes and JUULing?
American Cancer Society
Formerly employed at the FDA, Dr. Scott Gottlieb, believes that counterfeit pods are responsible for the respiratory illnesses and deaths. He stated that he believes the manufacturers are culpable if their products are being used, regardless if the liquids are counterfeit or real. “Ultimately, they are responsibility lies with keeping their products out of the hands of kids.” Business Insider
The National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine released a consensus study report in January 2018 that reviewed over 800 individual studies. The report was clear: e-cigarette use causes health risks. E-cigarettes contain and emit a number of conceivably toxic substances. The report also asserts there is moderate evidence that youth who use e-cigarettes are at increased risk for asthma exacerbations, coughing and wheezing.
American Cancer Society.
One e-cigarette study found users were inhaling nickel, lead, manganese, and chromium in concentrations that neared, met, or exceeded limits the EPA defined as safe. Business Insider, Sept. 19, 2019.
The CDC has advised against using e-cigarettes and vaping devices, especially those “purchased off the street,” as investigators are unable to identify a specific product, devise or ingredient as the source of the respiratory illnesses thus far. If the products in question were purchased from unregistered retailers and manufacturers,’ outbreak detectives will have a harder time pinpointing the product or chemical culprit... Kaiser Health News.
Not just respiratory issues
Some e-cigarette users have reported vomiting, feeling nauseous, or have diarrhea. Similar to the lung conditions, the cause of digestive system reactions is unknown. The numerous chemicals, including nicotine, in e-liquids are likely linked to the nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea reported after vaping too much. Toxic exposure to metals like lead are also present, as the metal coils in e-cigarette devices are used to heat the vape juice into a vapor.
Juul and e-cigarette users report experiencing:
To date, over 30 lawsuits related to vaping-related injuries around the country have been filed, including both individual lawsuits and class actions. The suits target Juul Labs Inc, which dominates about 75% of the e-cigarette market. Some also named Altria Group Inc., which has a minority stake in Juul, as a defendant. Altria is the parent company, Philip Morris, a tobacco giant. The plaintiffs claim Juul failed to warn consumers about their dangers, illegally marketed their products to minors, and that the products were defectively designed. Vaping users suffered seizures, strokes and became seriously addicted to nicotine, according to the filed suits.
Source: Factbox: U.S. lawsuits take aim at vaping, Reuters, Sept. 16, 2019.
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